In 2017, we experienced a dull display season. Due to the continued downturn, major brands are reluctant to introduce large-scale watches such as high-level complex functions. The conceptual works related to basic research and development are almost as if they are not. A few of them are worth mentioning. PANERAI -ID is one of them. It’s a bit surprising. Although Panerai has no shortage of difficult mechanical structures in the past, most of them are purely complex functions. Such research and development concepts that involve the basic structure of the movement seem to be a matter for Jaeger-LeCoultre or Cartier. However, this time their family skipped two large R & D factories of the same group and launched this advanced watch, which has been advertised for 50 years without oil washing. This extraordinary move itself has become part of the topic.
Prolonging the age of washing oil is a major issue in the production of modern mechanical watches. In addition to the aforementioned Jaeger-LeCoultre and Cartier, they have proposed solutions to this point. If you push forward, OMEGA and Athens are also on this issue. Forerunners: Although these watch factories had ambitions at the beginning of the release of the new technology, and did make some achievements, they did not reach a dramatic breakthrough in terms of the final mass-produced products. Regular oil washing It is still unavoidable, at best it can only slightly delay its cycle. Panerai did not throw out such fantastic words as ‘forever’ and ‘lifetime’ this time, but it has opened a specific but amazing 50 years, so although it may seem like an impossible task, The past few attempts have added a lot of realism, and also deepened our expectations.
Cal. P. 3001 / C
Manual winding / hours, minutes, small seconds / power reserve display / diameter 37.2mm / thickness 6.3mm / 4 stone / vibration frequency 21,600vph / double barrel, silicon escapement, speed adjusting screw balance, tanky ceramic plywood DLC coated parts
The so-called LAB-ID is the name of Laboratorio di Idee. This unit is located in the Panerai factory in Neuchâtel, which is equivalent to the brand’s R & D department. The PAM00700, which is directly named after this workshop, uses a variety of high-tech technology from the inside to the outside. Some are brand-new technologies and some are cross-diversions in different fields. The focus of the movement is to reduce the demand for lubrication, but they have not This is to create a new movement, but to strengthen the existing P. 3001, the specific model is P. 3001 / C-since the technology used this time is almost based on carbon materials, reasonable speculation The C should refer to Carbon.
The solution of Panerai to reduce the lubrication of the movement is to strengthen the hardness of the parts, so that even if there is friction between the parts, it is not easy to cause wear.
We will introduce the detailed technology of the movement next; in theory, these technologies are indeed possible to significantly extend the washing cycle, but 50 years is really a long time, even after the simulation test, the actual operation is so long No one can guarantee the future results, but even if only half the goal is reached, it is already a great achievement, and compared to a special model limited to 50, the true value of developing this technology should still exist in it. Switching to mass-produced products is the style of a big factory that improves the overall quality of the brand.
Plywood of tanky ceramic material
There are several different ways to reduce the need for lubrication of the movement. Panerai basically focuses on strengthening the hardness of the parts, so that even if there is friction between the parts, it is not easy to cause wear. For each part of a movement that needs to be strengthened, Panerai proposes different solutions. The plywood part uses a ceramic based on tang metal. This material contains a high proportion of carbon and has a very low coefficient of friction. It is even stronger than the ruby used in general bearings, so the splint simply gave up the gem bearing. The position where the gem should be installed on the bridge has become a solid plate, so that the splint directly contacts the gear shaft.
Another enhanced part is the barrel. The creative workshop of the watch factory has developed a carbon-based coating for two years. The coating is layered onto the barrel, and finally a layer of DLC is added. The surface of this reinforced part. After reading the barrel that was disassembled when washing the oil, I know that there is often a pile of debris inside. If it can reduce the friction here, it will indeed help to extend the maintenance cycle. Only one barrel contains many parts. There is a need to reduce friction from the center of the shaft, the inner wall of the barrel to the surface of the barrel. Specifically, which parts (or all) of the P. 3001 / C coating are not specified in the official information.
Silicon escapements have become popular in the watchmaking industry, but it is a relatively rare process to coat the escapement with a layer of DLC.
DLC-coated silicon escapement
Finally, the most lubricated part of the mechanical movement: the escapement. P. 3001 / C’s approach here is to use silicon escapement wheels and forks. Silicon escapements have become widespread in the watchmaking industry. Panerai’s decision is not a big breakthrough. Rather, they are coated with a layer of DLC on the surface of the escapement, which is a relatively rare process. In theory, this can indeed further strengthen the hardness of the part, but the escapement’s inch size method is thousands of miles away, and the coating will increase the thickness of the part. Therefore, this point must be calculated in advance during the silicon material molding stage. It is a very precise process.
Full movement with only 4 gems
The original P. 3001 movement had 21 stones. The design of LAB-ID allows the movement to almost completely abandon gem bearings. Therefore, the number of stones of 3001 / C is only 4 and all are used for the balance of the Ingabrero suspension (Upper two down two), and even these four gems are also plated with DLC. So far, P. 3001 / C has almost made up all the weaknesses in the wear of a mechanical movement. However, I am a little concerned about whether the performance of the axle itself has been improved accordingly after the bearings have been strengthened. Like these are also related to the durability of the movement, in theory, there should be a comprehensive cooperation.
The carbon nanotube coating on the surface of the black disk can almost completely absorb light, so that the surface shows a deep black without reflection.
Black surface of carbon nanotube coating
In addition to the movement, the exterior of the watch is also full of high technology. The part of the case is Carbotech used in PAM00616. The carbon fiber and PEEK resin are stacked layer by layer. After cutting, the part will have a unique texture. Another new pattern is the carbon nanotube coating on the surface of the black dial. The coating almost completely absorbs light, giving the surface a deep black without reflections. Nano carbon tubes should be the next hot material in the watch industry. In 2017, there are already several deep black surface treatments that take advantage of its non-reflective properties. application.
LAB-ID Luminor 1950 Carbotech 3 Day
Carbotech material / P. 3001 / C manual winding movement / hour, minute, small seconds display / power reserve display / sapphire crystal, transparent bottom cover / waterproof 100 meters / diameter 49mm